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PODCASTING

Page history last edited by PBworks 14 years, 7 months ago

Podcasting

 

 


What is Podcasting?

 

Podcasting is online audio content that is delivered via an RSS feed. Some people see podcasting as on demeand radio, but actually podcasting gives a lot more options in terms of content and programming than radio does.

 

Podcasting can be used for:

 

1. Self-Guided Walking Tours - Informational content.

 

2. Music - Band promotional clips and interviews.

 

3. Talk Shows - Industry or organizational news, investor news, sportscasts, news coverage and commentaries.

 

4. Training - Instructional informational materials.

 

5. Story - Story telling for children or the visually-impaired.

 

"Podcasting is the syndication of audio files using RSS. Podcasting works the same as a standard RSS feed reader or news aggregator, the only difference is that the feed you subscribe to contains an audio file in it. Instead of reading content in your RSS feed reader or aggregator, you can listen to the contents of your feed using a reader or aggregator that supports podcasting, or you can listen to them on an iPod or similar device. While podcasting was named for the iPod, you do not have to have an iPod to listen to a podcast. Podcasts can be displayed on websites with clickable links to audio files and many of the standard RSS readers, like FeedDemon's latest beta, have begun supporting audio enclosures."

 

Podcasting is really easy, and you can find a podcast on almost anything. On this site: http://www.podcast.net/, you can find all kinds of podcasts and add your own; it's a podcast directory.

 

 

How to Podcast

 

Steps to Podcasting :

 

1. Create audio file

2. Add the audio file to an RSS 2.0 feed

3. Tell the world about your podcast

 

 

Class Podcasts

pbwiki.m4a

About podcasts --  by Stephanie Leveque

It's supposed to say:

"The term podcasting derives its name from Apple's iPod, but to create a podcast or even to listen to one, you don't even need an iPod, or any portable music player for that matter. In a nutshell, podcasting is a new type of online media delivery. You publish selected audio files via the internet and allow your users to subscribe via an RSS feed to automatically receive new files. Podcasting let's you create your own syndicated online talkshow or radio program, with content of your choosing."

 

samspodcast.m4a   by Samantha Drummond 

 

History of Podcasting

 

"Podcasting’s origins are firmly rooted in webradio. A combination of factors and technologies contributed to its eventual birth in 2003. Among the pioneers of podcasting are Adam Curry, Tristan Louis and Dave Winer. Back in 2001, the three collaborated in using RSS technology and their media content to provide the first, albeit, prototype podcasts" (Podcast Blaster).

 

"In many ways the blog is the predecessor to podcasting in this history. Then the ability to transfer larger pieces of information and faster connection speeds led some bloggers to start audio blogs. Instead of writing their thoughts, they recorded themselves speaking and posted it to their blogs as an MP3 file. The spoken word added a new personal element to the media of blogging. Some audio blogs naturally evolved in to the first podcasts history."

 

Podacsting really took hold in society in 2004.

 

Podcast is a morpheme of "ipod" and " broadcast"

 

Podcasting started becoming extremly popular in 2004. Podcasting uses syndication feeds to distribute digital media through the internet.

 

Timeline

 

October 2000 - The concept of using enclosures in RSS Feeds was proposed in a draft by Tristan Louis, and implemented in somewhat different form by Dave Winer, a software developer and an author of the RSS format. Winer had discussed the concept, also in October 2000, with Adam Curry, a user of his software, and had received other customer requests for audioblogging features. Winer included the new functionality in RSS 0.92, by defining a new element called "enclosure", which would simply pass the address of a media file to the RSS aggregator.

January 11, 2001 - Winer demonstrated the RSS enclosure feature by enclosing a Grateful Dead song in his Scripting News weblog.

For its first two years, the enclosure element had relatively few users and many developers simply avoided using it. Winer's company incorporated the new feature in its weblogging product, Radio Userland, the program favored by Curry, audioblogger Harold Gilchrist and others. Since Radio Userland had a built-in aggregator, it provided both the "send" and "receive" components of what was then called audioblogging. All that was needed for "podcasting" was a way to automatically move audio files from Radio Userland's download folder to an audio player (either software or hardware) -- along with enough compelling audio to make such automation worth the trouble.

June, 2003 - Stephen Downes demonstrated aggregation and syndication of audio files in his Ed Radio application. Ed Radio scanned RSS feeds for MP3 files, collected them into a single feed, and made the result available as SMIL or Webjay audio feeds.

September, 2003 - Winer created a special RSS-with-enclosures feed for his Harvard Berkman Center colleague Christopher Lydon's weblog, which previously had a text-only RSS feed. Lydon, a former New York Times reporter and NPR talkshow host, had posted 25 in-depth interviews with bloggers, futurists and political figures, which Winer gradually released to the feed. Announcing the feed in his weblog, Winer challenged other aggregator developers to support this new form of content and provide enclosure support. Not long after, Pete Prodoehl released a skin for the Amphetadesk aggregator that displayed enclosure links.

October 2003, Winer and friends organized the first Bloggercon weblogger conference at Berkman Center. CDs of Lydon's interviews were distributed as an example of the high-quality MP3 content enclosures could deliver; Bob Doyle demonstrated the portable studio he helped Lydon develop; Harold Gilchrist presented a history of audioblogging, including Curry's early role, and Kevin Marks demonstrated a script to download RSS enclosures and pass them to iTunes for transfer to an iPod. Curry and Marks discussed collaborating. After the conference, Curry offered his blog readers an RSS-to-iPod script (iPodder) that moved mp3 files from Userland Radio to iTunes, and encouraged other developers to build on the idea.

February 12, 2004 - The term "podcasting" was one of several terms for portable listening to audioblogs suggested by Ben Hammersley in The Guardian, referring to Lydon's interview programs ("...all the ingredients are there for a new boom in amateur radio. But what to call it? Audioblogging? Podcasting? GuerillaMedia?").

September, 2004 - The iPodder idea was picked up by multiple developer groups. While many of the early efforts remained command-line based, the first podcasting client with a user interface was iPodderX (now called Transistr), developed by August Trometer and Ray Slakinski and released. Shortly thereafter, another group (iSpider) rebranded their software as iPodder and released it under that name as Free Software (under GPL). Since it was free-software this program was developed extensively and used quite a lot. The project was terminated after a cease and desist letter from Apple (over iPodder trademark issues). It was reincarnated as Juice and CastPodder. The PodNova desktop client is also a derivative of iSpider. The PodNova desktop client is slightly modified so that it can keep the subscriptions on the server.

At the same time, Dannie Gregoire used the term podcasting to describe the automatic download and synchronization of audio content; he also registered several 'podcast' related domains (e.g. podcast.net). The use of 'podcast' by Gregoire was picked up by podcasting evangelists such as Dave Slusher, Winer and Curry, and entered common usage.

Also in September, Adam Curry launched a mailing list, then Slashdot had a 100+ message discussion, bringing even more attention to the ipodder developer projects in progress at SourceForge.

September 28, 2004 - Blogger and technology columnist Doc Searls began keeping track of how many "hits" Google found for the word "podcasts". On that day, the result was 24 hits.

September 28, 2004 - There were 526 hits on Google's search engine for the word "podcasts". Google Trends marks the beginning of searches for 'podcast' at the end of September.

October 1, 2004 - There were 2,750 hits on Google's search engine for the word "podcasts". This number continued to double every few days.

October 11, 2004 The first phonetic search engine for podcasting was launched called Podkey to assist podcasters to easily connect to each other. Capturing the early distribution and variety of podcasts was more difficult than counting Google hits, but before the end of October, The New York Times had reported podcasts across the United States and in Canada, Australia and Sweden, mentioning podcast topics from technology to veganism to movie reviews. USA Today told its readers about the "free amateur chatfests" the following February, profiling several podcasters, giving instructions for sending and receiving podcasts, and including a "Top Ten" list from one of the many podcast directories that had sprung up.

Those Top Ten programs gave further indication of podcast topics: four were about technology (including Curry's Daily Source Code, which also included music and personal chat), three were about music, one about movies, one about politics, and—at the time number 1 on the list—The Dawn and Drew Show, described as "married-couple banter," a program format that USA Today noted was popular on American broadcast radio in the 1940s. After Dawn and Drew, such "couplecasts" became quite popular among independent podcasts, the most nobable being London couple Sowerby and Luff, whose talk show The Big Squeeze quickly achieved a global audience via the podcast Comedy 365.

October 18, 2004 - The number of hits on Google's search engine for the word "podcasts" surpassed 100,000. See September 28, 2005.

October, 2004 - Detailed how-to podcast articles had begun to appear online, and a month later, Liberated Syndication (LibSyn) launched what was apparently the first Podcast Service Provider, offering storage, bandwidth, and RSS creation tools. "Podcasting" was first defined in Wikipedia.

November, 2004 - Podcasting networks started to appear on the scene with podcasters affiliating with one another. The first was the GodCast Network, followed by The Podcast Network, the Tech Podcasts Network, PodTech.net, the Association of Music Podcasters and others.

Early 2005 - The term "podmercial" was coined by John Iaisuilo, a radio broadcaster/podcaster in Las Vegas, who promptly trademarked it.

February, 2005 - Carl Franklin, publisher of the audio talk show .NET Rocks!, started the first official podcast production company, Pwop Productions, which now produces podcasts for Microsoft and other companies.

Also in February 2005, Australians Cameron Reilly and Mick Stanic started a Commercial Podcast Network, The Podcast network. Reilly described his vision for the network to be the Time Warner of New media.

Also in February 2005, The Dave Ramsey Show becomes the first top-twenty talk-radio program in the United States to podcast a radio show.

March, 2005 - John Edwards became the first national-level US politician to hold his own podcast. Within a few episodes, the show had all the features of a major podcast: a web site with subscription feeds and show notes, guest appearances, questions from the audience, reviews and discussion of books, musical interludes of podsafe (noninfringing) songs, light banter (sports and recreation talk), even limited soundseeing from on location.

Also, in March, Podcast Pickle went live on the net, and became the first Podcast Community on the Internet.

May, 2005 - The first book on podcasting was released, the award-winning Podcasting The Do it Yourself Guide, by Todd Cochrane

Also in May, John Furrier founded PodTech.net, a podcasting site focused on Silicon Valley and the pioneering InfoTalk format.

May 2005 - PodNova the first online webapplication with 'one-click' subscribing went live

June, 2005, Apple staked its claim on the medium by adding podcasting to its iTunes 4.9 music software and building a directory of podcasts at its iTunes Music Store. The new iTunes could subscribe to, download and organize podcasts, which made a separate aggregator application unnecessary for many users. Apple also promoted creation of podcasts using its GarageBand and QuickTime Pro software and the MPEG 4, m4a audio format instead of mp3.

Also in June, the BBC's "Naked Scientists" programme became the first example of a BBC local radio programme to enter the podcast arena. The Naked Scientists has since gone on to become one of the most downloaded science podcasts internationally, returning a larger audience via podcast than the live aired programme.

July, 2005 - U.S. President George W. Bush became a podcaster of sorts, when the White House website added an RSS 2.0 feed to the previously downloadable files of the president's weekly radio addresses.

Also in July, the first People's Choice Podcast Awards were held during Podcast Expo. Awards were given in 20 categories. The term "poditorial" was coined by author John Hedtke in July while writing half of "Podcasting Now: Audio Your Way!"

September, 2005 The first podcast encoded in 5.1-channel encoded Dolby Headphone was created by Revision3 Studios with their 14th episode of Diggnation. The Dolby encoding lasted for only a few minutes of the podcast.

September 28, 2005 - Exactly a year after first tracking hits for the word "podcasts" on Google's search engine, Google found more than 100,000,000 hits on the word "podcasts."

October 12, 2005 - Apple Computer CEO Steve Jobs unveiled the first iPod with video capability. In his keynote speech he demonstrated the video podcasts Tiki Bar TV and Rocketboom.

November, 2005 - The first Portable Media Expo and Podcasting Conference was held at the Ontario Convention Center in Ontario, California. The annual conference is now called the Podcast and New Media Expo.

November, 2005 - RawVoice launched the Podcaster News Network during the Portable Media Expo and Podcasting Conference. The network focuses on news and world events to include Sports, Business, Lifestyle, Politics, Religion, Health, and World and US National News.

November, 2005 - Podcasting Portal Podseek.net was launched. This Yahoo style podcasting directory, was the first to put the “search rankings” in the hands of members. Members rate, vote on, and write reviews of other Podcasts(ers) in the Directory.

December 3, 2005 - Sony Computer Entertainment America announced that the PlayStation Portable would support podcasting using the RSS Channel feature after upgrading to 2.60.

"Podcast" was named the word of the year in 2005 by the New Oxford American Dictionary and would be in the dictionary in 2006.

February, 2006 - Following London radio station LBC's successful launch of the first premium-podcasting platform LBC Plus, there was widespread acceptance that podcasting had considerable commercial potential.

UK comedian Ricky Gervais launched a new series of his popular podcast The Ricky Gervais Show. The second series of the podcast was distributed through audible.co.uk and was the first major podcast to charge consumers to download the show at 95pence per half-hour episode. The first series of The Ricky Gervais Show podcast had been freely distributed by Positive Internet and marketed through The Guardian newspaper's website, and had become the world's most successful podcast to date with an average of 295,000 downloads per episode according to The Guinness Book of World Records. Even in its new subscription format, The Ricky Gervais Show is regularly the most-downloaded podcast on iTunes.

February 26, 2006 - The world's first live podcast theatrical entertainment event was held at The Rose Theatre, Ormskirk, West Lancashire in the UK. Entitled 'The Lance Anderson Podcast Experiment' it featured Lance Anderson of Verge of the Fringe, Dan Klass of The Bitterest Pill, Mark Hunter of tartanpodcast and Jon and Rob of Top of the Pods. Dan Klass appeared via a live video link to Los Angeles and the show was audio streamed live to a global audience.

March, 2006 - PodTech.net and founder John Furrier raised $5.5 million in venture capital for the second venture funded podcasting network startup. Investors of PodTech.net include Venrock Venrock Associates and USVP US Venture Partners.

Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper became the first head of government to issue a podcast, the "Prime Minister of Canada's Podcast".

July, 2006 - RawVoice launched Blubrry, the first podcast social networking community.

September, 2006 - Pickle's Podcast Newswas introduced with podcasting news stories written by podcasters. The Second annual Podcast and New Media Expo was held at the Ontario Convention Center in Ontario, California.

October, 2006 - The first Podcast Peer Award winners were announced. This award is meant to provide recognition of industry excellence because the winners are chosen based on votes from other podcasters.

April 2007 - PodNova was completely redone in Web 2.0 style.

 

Timeline from Wikipedia.org

 

 

 

Group members

 

Tom Lesinski

Alison Walker

Stephanie Leveque

 

 

Sources

 

  1. http://www.podcasting-tools.com/what-is-podcasting.htm
  2. http://www.how-to-podcast-tutorial.com/history-of-podcasting.htm
  3. http://www.podcastblaster.com/history-of-podcasting.html
  4. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_podcasting

 

 

+pbwiki.m4a

Page # Quote

 

Encyclopedia of Stars 44, 46 "The stars are the heavens"

 

 

 

Draft 1

Draft 2

 

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